Fever during pregnancy may occur due to the reasons such as influenza and infection. Normally, the average body temperature is 36-37 degrees. When the body temperature rises above 38.3 degrees it is called fever. Generally, during pregnancy, some symptoms such as high fever, sweating, headache, water loss, muscle pain and fatigue are common. But, in some cases, there are some points you should pay attention to keep your pregnancy healthy. Under normal circumstances, you can try to reduce your body temperature with your own means at home. However, since the illness which cause fever can damage to the baby, it is most reasonable to consult a doctor.
What are the causes of high fever during pregnancy?
It is examined in two groups:
- High fever caused by infection:
The most common infections during pregnancy are influenza infections, upper respiratory tract infections and urinary tract infections.
- High fever due to non-infection reasons
Excessive exposure to high temperatures (bath, sauna, sunstroke), allergic reactions and food poisoning can be considered.
Harmful effects of high fever during pregnancy
The negative effects of high fever during pregnancy are related to the degree and duration of fever. It is known that the harmful effects of high fever generally occur above 39 degrees.
1) Harmful Effects in the First Three Months: The first three months of pregnancy is the period which high fever is most dangerous and most damaging. In this period, because the baby’s organ formation is continuing, the negative effects of the fever can come out seriously. Major negative effects:
- Increased risk of miscarriage
- Developmental anomalies
- Eye, palate, jaw anomalies
- Heart valve anomalies
- Arm and leg anomalies
- Mental retardation
2) Harmful Effects on Second Three Months: It is the period which high fever damages the least.
3) Harmful Effects in the Last Three Months: The most common effect of high fever in this period is the early waters breaking and the inflammation of amniotic water called chorioamnionitis caused by some infections. This is a very serious disease that threatens both mother’s and baby’s life.
What should be done in case of high fever during pregnancy?
First, you need to find out why your temperature is rising. In order to do this, you should consult with a doctor and apply appropriate treatment methods. If you know the cause and you are currently in treatment, you can only use the antipyretics recommended by your doctor. You can also wait for the fever to reduce by showering with warm water and keeping your body cool. If your temperature does not fall for more than a few hours, you should consult your doctor.