Glandular Fever in Pregnant Women

Glandular Fever in Pregnant Women

Pregnant women often get affected by viral infections; out of which many infections harm the growing fetus. Glandular fever is one viral infection that is known not to cause serious problems during pregnancy. The other term used for glandular fever is infectious mononucleosis; this is because this infection is caused by a virus called mononucleosis. Pregnant women suffering from glandular fever might experience extreme weakness and discomfort; but the disease is unlikely to cause problems like pregnancy loss or birth defects. If you are pregnant and often experience tiredness and fatigue, consult your physician for getting yourself checked for infectious mononucleosis.

Majority of the woman get exposed to the mononucleosis virus before attaining their reproductive age. This means women develop antibodies to this virus before they develop the ability of reproducing. Recently revealed statistics show that as high as 95% of women possess antibodies to this virus when they are between 35 and 40years of age. The mononucleosis virus is known to spread through saliva. If the pregnant woman possesses antibodies to mononucleosis, it indicates that the developing fetus in her womb also possesses the same antibodies until the maternal antibody shield starts wearing off after a certain period following the baby’s birth.

How will a pregnant woman know that she might be a victim of glandular fever or infectious mononucleosis? The signs of infectious mononucleosis during pregnancy are similar to what a person experiences without being pregnant. The commonly found symptoms of glandular fever among the pregnant women include: swelling of glands, severe fatigue, sore throat and fever. If mononucleosis affects the liver of the patient, she is likely to experience signs like yellowing of white of her eyes and skin, decrease in appetite and pain in the upper abdomen. In severe cases the patient may suffer from swelling in her spleen, which might end up rupturing the organs; such situation is designated as medical emergency. Immediate medical attention is also required in case of symptoms of liver disorders and abdominal pain. As a caregiver of a pregnant woman with infectious mononucleosis, you must make sure that the fever caused by the infection does not rise too high. If the fever becomes too high, the health of the growing baby might be affected. Constant high fever i.e. having a body temperature of 103 degrees Fahrenheit increases the risks of experiencing situations like fetal loss during first trimester or birth defects.

As virus cannot be eliminated using any medication, a pregnant woman with glandular fever does not need to worry about the medications of infectious mononucleosis affecting the baby’s health. If you are pregnant and diagnosed to be suffering from infectious mononucleosis, the doctor will ask you to sleep for a minimum of 10-12 hours every day. He will also ask you to stop drinking all kinds of alcoholic beverages and acetaminophen. Other than all these, you will be advised to consume a balanced diet filled with all the essential nutrients. All the disease management techniques mentioned above will not only help you in recovering from glandular fever, but will also make the fetus healthier. Taking proper rest will help pregnant women to recover from the fatigue induced by infectious mononucleosis. However, as decreased appetite is one of the ill effects of infectious mononucleosis, patients might find it difficult to consume adequate quantity of food. Motivate yourself to eat a balanced diet for the sake of your baby’s health. If you don’t eat properly, it will end up harming the developing fetus in your womb.

It has been seen that the mononucleosis virus stays dormant in the cells after causing acute infection and tends to reactivate when the woman gets pregnant. A study conducted in the year 2015 has shown that on an average, pregnant woman suffering from infectious mononucleosis have shorter pregnancies (271 days) compared to women without this infection (279 days).