Measles in children is one of the most contagious diseases. Even if you can protect your child from this disease with measles vaccination, we would like to inform you about this serious illness.
It occur as a result of a viral infection. Usually, when a person coughs or sneezes, the virus spreads through the air and infects other people. The disease can also spread through the eyes, mouth and ears.
The healing rate of measles in children is much higher than in adults. When adults are infected, the effects of the disease may be more severe. For this reason, it is very important to be vaccinated for this disease.
How Does Measles Spread?
Measles, which is an infectious disease, is transmitted by the respiratory tract. Viruses begin to reproduce in the mouth and nasal cavity of the person breathing the infected air. Then, within 1 week, red rashes begin to form.
The measles virus spreads throughout the body and begins to grow in the nasal and oral cavity. In the first 10-15 days infectiousness is quite high. However, at the end of 15 days, the rashes begin to dry slowly and as the viruses do not reproduce more, the spreading rate decreases. Measles disease does not recur after the body is immune to this virus.
Symptoms of Measles in Children
Symptoms of measles occur about 8 to 12 days after infection. The first signs of measles in children are;
- Signs of cold such as nasal discharge, sneezing and coughing.
- High fever and weakness
- Dry cough
- Throat ache
- Light-sensitive, swollen, painful and inflamed eyes (conjunctivitis)
- Small grayish white spots in the mouth
- Rashes in the body
Complications of Measles in Children
Measles can cause some complications. But if you properly follow the instructions given by your doctor and your child is not exposed to any other infection besides measles, none of these problems will occur.
Possible complications of measles:
- Ear infection.
- Very severe cases of measles may result in encephalitis. Encephalitis is the swelling of the brain due to acute inflammation. It is very dangerous and can cause irreversible damage.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Measles in Children
The most important factor in the treatment of measles is the healthy nutrition and relaxation of the patient. It is very important to feed the patient with foods rich in vitamins and provide hygiene of these foods.
The patient should rest in a bright and clean room. The room should be constantly ventilated. Otherwise, the germs start to spread more. Nutrition of the patient during treatment has a huge importance. So, the patient should consume plenty of fluid and focus on the consumption of milk and milk products. At the same time, you should pay attention to the meat consumption and prefer foods rich in vitamin C.
Information on Measles Vaccine
It is a 2-dose vaccine. The first dose should be vaccinated in babies from the 12th month to the 15th month. The second dose is between the ages of 4-6 years. After two doses, you get approximately 99% protection against measles. The measles vaccine is not used on pregnant women. Persons who have not had measles disease before should be vaccinated before pregnancy. The vaccine has no side effects. However, any side effects associated with the person’s body will be very mild and unimportant.