What is Menopause

What is Menopause – Symptoms and Diagnosis

To answer the question of what is menopause, let us first clarify what menopause is not. Menopause occurs in women in their old ages, but it is never a sign of old age. Menopause, which should be called as maturity stage, indicates that menstrual periods are over. In these stages the estrogen hormone in the ovaries reduces its function and stops completely after a short time. Menopause can often be confused with depression. Therefore, women who are over 35 years of age and experience late menstruation must be careful. They need to go to the doctor against the problems that may occur later. At the same time, they should do a detailed research on menopause and consult a doctor about menopause if necessary. Being aware of the subject before will help to overcome the problems that may occur during the menopause period.


What are the symptoms of menopause?

Menstrual periods that are unstable and painful can be accepted as the beginning of menopause. Because, the decreasing estrogen causes changes in the body.  In women over the age of 45, it will be useful to consult a doctor before seeking psychological reasons under these symptoms. Because this type of symptoms can lead to heart disease.


Main symptoms of menopause: feeling hot suddenly, insomnia, palpitations, anger, forgetfulness, fatigue, joint pain, sudden changes of feeling, vaginal dryness, pain in sexual intercourse, concentration disorders.


How is menopause diagnosed?

Early diagnosis of menopause is important. Because a significant part of the losses in menopause occurs in the first year. Early diagnosis provides early treatment. In a woman who has menopausal symptoms, menopause can be diagnosed if FSH and LH hormones are increased in the blood taken on the third day of menstruation. If the FSH level is above 40 pg / ml in a woman with irregular menstruation, the diagnosis of menopause is precise. If the FSH level is between 25-40 pg / ml it is understood that it is pre-menopause period. It is possible for women in this period to get pregnant even if it is an unusual condition.



Nutrition In Menopause

  • Depending on estrogen deficiency, the metabolic rate slows down and rapid weight gain begins.
  • 1500 mg of calcium should be taken daily to prevent osteoporosis.
  • Vitamin E can prevent fatigue and feeling hot.
  • Vitamin D should be in normal levels.
  • Salt consumption should be restricted.
  • Regular exercise is important during menopause.


What should be considered during menopause?

Excessive coffee and caffeine consumption are among the factors that affect menopause. Adequate and balanced nutrition makes women’s life easier in this period. Maintaining ideal body weight ensures that you stay fit both physically and spiritually. Women should give importance to physical activities and should never stop moving. Besides to the hormonal change of menopause, daily movements should be continued to prevent unwanted diseases.