Pregnancy Tests

Pregnancy Tests: Types and Results

A pregnancy test can confirm if a woman is pregnant. In order to do this a home pregnancy test can be apply or it can happen under the supervision of a doctor. The pregnancy test results in 99% correct. It works by measuring the level of a hormone specified as HCG. HCG is found in the blood and urine approximately 10 to 14 days after the woman gets pregnant. If you are wondering how to do a pregnancy tests, we recommend that you read the full article.


If a woman is late or other symptoms suggest that she may be pregnant, it is a good idea to take a pregnancy test. The mother should know this situation as soon as possible. Because, in case of pregnancy, mother should be more careful about her health. Therefore, she may need to make some lifestyle changes.

Some conditions and some medications may cause incorrect results in pregnancy tests. Different brands differ in how to apply the pregnancy test. It is therefore important to read the instructions before use. When they used correctly, pregnancy tests can be 99% accurate.


What are the Types of Pregnancy Tests?

Pregnancy tests include urine or blood test. A urine test can be performed by the mother at home, but the blood test should be performed by a doctor.

Pregnancy Tests Types and Results 1 - Pregnancy Tests: Types and Results
Pregnancy Tests Types and Results

Home Pregnancy Test

If you are wondering how to use a home pregnancy test;

A home pregnancy test is applied by pouring urine on a chemical line. Although there are changes in the result times of different brand tests, the result is usually ready in 5 minutes.

The mother can collect the urine in a bowl and dip the pregnancy test bar or use a dropper to drop the urine sample into the test strip. Alternatively, the home pregnancy test can be used when urinating.

Each brand has a unique result system. So it is important to read the instructions to learn how to understand the results.

home pregnancy tests - Pregnancy Tests: Types and Results
You may take a home pregnancy test as soon as possible


Depending on the test, the result can be understood as follows;

-Color change

-Change in the shape of the line

A plus or minus icon can be seen.


Blood Test

There are two ways to check if you are pregnant by using blood: a quantitative HCG test and a qualitative HCG test.

– A quantitative blood test measures the amount of HCG in the blood.

– A qualitative test determines whether the HCG is present in the blood.

Blood test has some advantages. It allows easy and clear determination of pregnancy and can measure HCG concentration. However, it is more expensive, the results may take time and the test must be done in a hospital or clinic.


When should a pregnancy test be performed?

The earliest time to use a home pregnancy test is when you have a late period. This increases the accuracy of your results. Some tests on the market can be done before. The results will vary depending on how sensitive the test is.


It is important to read the instructions of the test to find out the best and most successful time for testing. The best time of day to do a home pregnancy test is the first hours of the morning after waking. The reason for this is that a lot of fluid is consumed throughout the day before performing the test. This can lead to a false result.


What will you do after the pregnancy test?

If used correctly, a home pregnancy test should be correct in 99%. Note, however, incorrect use will give an incorrect result. If the home pregnancy test is positive; means that there is HCG in the urine. On the other hand, a negative test result may have different meanings.


Negative test results may mean that you are not pregnant. It also may mean that the test is performed too early to determine the HCG ratio or not done correctly.

If the result is positive, the mother may need to see a doctor who can guide her about the next steps.

If the test result is negative, but the woman has symptoms of pregnancy, she should be re-tested after 1 week. At the same time, she can consult a doctor for a blood test instead of home pregnancy test.


Can Drugs Affect The Test Result?

Some medications may affect the accuracy of the pregnancy test. Here are the medicines that can affect the test result:

  • Promethazine is used to treat some allergies
  • Parkinson disease medications
  • Sleeping pills
  • Tranquilizers
  • Infertility medications


Alcohol in the blood circulation does not affect the pregnancy test. Because, it does not interfere with the measurement of hormone levels.

However, if you want to get pregnant, you should avoid alcohol as it may affect the baby’s development. Alcohol consumption during pregnancy may increase the risk of premature birth and cause low birth weight. Take a look for more detailed information about premature birth: Symptoms and Causes of Premature Birth.