In women who don’t have diabetes before pregnancy, the presence of gestational diabetes can be mentioned in the case of increased sugar levels during pregnancy .
What are the symptoms of diabetes during pregnancy stages?
- Weight loss
- Constant feeling of thirst
- Excessive Appetite in Pregnancy
- Frequent urination
These symptoms may not be seen in every expectant mother or the same symptoms may be the cause of other disorders. If it is suspected that there is a risk of gestational diabetes, you should consult a doctor. Your doctor may perform glucose loading and determine the treatment method according to the result.
Risks of gestational diabetes for the health of mother and baby
- Premature birth
- Pregnancy poisoning,
- The baby is born overweight (macrozomic) or born smaller than he/she should be.
- Respiratory distress, low blood sugar, jaundice. If you want to learn more about jaundice you can check our article what is the newborn jaundice?
Treatment of gestational diabetes
- A nutritional program is prepared under the supervision of a doctor and a dietitian.
- The daily calorie intake, the rate of carbohydrates is adjusted and the consumption of sugary foods is restricted in the diet.
- With the exercises recommended by the doctor (walking, swimming, etc.), it is tried to break the insulin resistance and keep the blood sugar level in balance.
- In cases where these methods do not benefit, the diabetes can be controlled by giving insulin to the mother.
- Gestational diabetes usually passes after birth and there is no need for treatment.
- After the birth with some tests, the mother’s need for any treatment can be checked.
Who is at risk for diabetes during pregnancy stages?
- Women with blood pressure problems
- Women with body mass index over 25 ’, ie overweight ones.
- Those who has close relatives who have had type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes.
- Women who experienced gestational diabetes problems in previous pregnancies.
- A woman who carries any of these risk factors should be tested for gestational diabetes immediately after getting pregnant.
Ways to prevent gestational diabetes
- Ideal weight before pregnancy
- Getting weight at ideal limits during pregnancy stages
- To follow a proper diet and exercise program
- Avoiding excessive sugar consumption
- Reducing fat intake