Having a baby is a joyful event, but the mother’s life can be stressful and difficult. Many women feel mild sadness and anxiety after becoming a mother, and changes in mood are seen. These symptoms normally resolve within 7-10 days. This severe problems are postpartum depression and psychosis. It starts insidiously within the first 6 weeks after birth and resolves within a few months, but can last up to 1-2 years.
The reasons can usually be grouped under two sub-headings.
Biological causes: A sudden drop in the levels of estrogen and progesterone levels during pregnancy stages is responsible for depression. Thyroid disorders may play a role in late-onset postpartum depression. In addition, folate deficiency was thought to be effective in postpartum depression.
Psychosocial reasons: Although there are hormonal changes in all women who give birth, psychosocial reasons can also be seen. The development of psychiatric disorders in only 10-15% of women shows that social stress is related to interpersonal relationships and social support. Mothers who think that their lives are more than their own are in high risk group for postpartum depression.
How does postpartum depression differ from normal depression?
- Suicidal ideation is much less in postpartum depression.
- The evenings are the most depressive time.
- The time is shorter (6-8 weeks), more confusion.
What are the symptoms?
- Severe sadness or sense of emptiness; emotional blunting or insensitivity
- Physical complaints such as excessive fatigue, lack of energy
- Staying away from family, friends or enjoyment events
- Difficulty in concentration
- Memory weakness
- Increase in psychomotor activity, inability to stay in a place
- Anxiety, irritability, spontaneous cries and panic attacks
- Loss of appetite, weight loss, insomnia
- Thoughts about wanting to take care of the baby and wanting to kill the baby
- Feeling guilty, lack of interest and desire for having depressed feelings when they should be happy.
Our articles are prepared to give advice. You should consult your doctor for exact information.